Overview

Emerging evidence suggests that the best way to prevent sexual harassment and sexual violence is by engaging the entire community in prevention efforts.  Raise the Bar will teach and empower bar and nightclub owners and staff to recognize problematic behavior and safely intervene to halt the situation. The two-hour workshops focus on positive messaging, bystander engagement, and changing social norms. This multi-faceted approach will help create long-term change by eliminating many myths surrounding sexual violence and ultimately creating safer communities

 

Why is a program like Raise the Bar needed?

According to the Department of Justice: Drug Enforcement Administration, “Drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA) occurs when alcohol or drugs are used to compromise an individual’s ability to consent to sexual activity. These substances make it easier for a perpetrator to commit sexual assault because they inhibit a person’s ability to resist and can prevent them from remembering the assault.”    Alcohol is widely recognized as the most commonly used substance in DFSA and has been considered a factor in 37% of reported rapes and sexual assaults.  When bar and night club staff are trained to recognize the warning signs and empowered to act, they can be a first line of defense in preventing sexual violence.

 

The relationship between alcohol consumption and sexual violence

While use of alcohol does not definitively cause sexual assault, alcohol consumption and sexual assault often go hand in hand.   Having said that, it is important to remember it is NEVER the survivor’s fault for an assault- regardless of the presence or absence of alcohol use.

In 2001 , the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism released a study looking at the correlation between sexual violence and perpetration.  Some of their findings include:

  • Approximately one-half of all sexual assault victims report that they were drinking alcohol at the time of the assault, with estimates ranging from 30 to 79% – again it is NEVER the survivor’s fault.
  • Alcohol consumption by perpetrators and victims tend to co-occur – studies show that in anywhere from 81% to 97% of alcohol-related sexual assaults, both the victim and perpetrator had consumed alcohol.
  • Men who often drink heavily typically do so in social situations that frequently lead to sexual assault (parties, bars, etc.)
  • Perpetrators often use alcohol to excuse sexual assault perpetration and frequently report getting a woman drunk in order to have sex with her
  • Certain personality characteristics, including impulsivity and antisocial behavior, as well as peer group norms (especially those that normalize the sexual exploitation of women) may increase men’s propensity both to drink heavily and to commit sexual assault
  • Studies have shown that men who are drinking often misperceive their dates’ friendly behavior as sexual and are therefore more likely to commit sexual assault.

 

 

Sources:

Department of Justice: Drug Enforcement Administration – Drug Facilitated Sexual Assault 

National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism – Alcohol and Sexual Assault